NO DOCUMENT CAN BE “FILED” OFFICIALLY WITH THE COURT BY EMAILING OR FAXING IT TO A JUDGE OR MEMBER OF A JUDGE’S STAFF
Avoid Ex Parte Contact
Judges cannot receive communication from lawyers and self-represented litigants unless that communication is simultaneously provided to all other litigants or their lawyers.
Emailing Judges Directly
Some judges do not wish to receive email from lawyers or self-represented litigants. You should check the additional information for a particular judge on this website or call the judge's judicial assistant to determine each judge's policy before sending any email to the judge. Any email sent must clearly show that copies were simultaneously sent to all other litigants or their lawyers or it cannot be read by the judge.
Do not send fax transmissions to a judge without first contacting the judge's judicial assistant. Judges do not have stand-alone fax machines in their chambers and in most cases fax transmissions must come through the judicial assistant’s email. Some judges limit the length of documents that can be sent by fax.